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Water Closet Repairs:

Leak From Bottom of the Toilet: 

Leak Between Tank and Bowl:

Tank Overflow:

Leak from Toilet Supply Tube:

Leaking Flapper:

Water Level Mechanism (Ballcock) Not Working Properly:

Wobbling Toilet:

Overflowing Toilet Bowl:

Water Closet Types:

Lavatories:

Lavatory Problems:

Chipped and Rusted Steel Enameled Lavatory:

Leak Under Lavatory:

Vanity Cabinets:

Shower Pan:

Drain Field:

Water Closet Repairs:

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Leak From Bottom of the Toilet:

Caused by blockage in drain line and when toilet is flushed, water is backing from the bottom of the toilet, and also the wax gasket between toilet bowl and flange deteriorated, that’s why, instead of overflowing from the top of the bowl, water is leaking from the bottom. Toilet has to be moved out, snake has to be sent to drain line, and blockage has to be cleared, then with new wax gasket toilet has to be reinstalled.

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Leak Between Tank and Bowl:

There may be two reasons for the leak, either rubber gasket between tank and bowl deteriorated or, the bolts connecting tank to bowl loose. Shake the tank with two hand, if it is wobbling bolts are loose. Tighten the bolts from bottom of the tank. You need small adjustable wrench and long flat head screwdriver. With one hand and flat head screwdriver hold the bolt head, and from bottom of the tank tighten the nut. Sometimes the rubber washers between bolt and tank (inside the tank) deteriorated, then you have to change tank to bowl kit. That means gasket between tank and bowl, bolts, bolt rubber washers. If you can not disconnect the bolts you have to cut them with a reciprocating saw or small hand saw.

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Tank Overflow:

 Water level mechanism is not working and over flow tube blocked. This is very rare situation. Mostly overflow is caused by small tube connected to overflow pipe disconnected. Put back in the overflow tube and reconnect it to tube. Every brand has different and simple connection design.

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Leak from Toilet Supply Tube:

 Retighten the supply tube connections. Be careful when you tightening toilet connection side. You may turn the inside of the tank water level mechanism (ballcock). Open the tank cover, hold the ballcock from top (so sexy). Also tighten the nut, connecting ballcock to toilet.

If tightening doesn’t work, replace the supply tube. Shut off the valve under toilet (called stop valve or angle stop). Flush the toilet, so water in toilet tank will be drained, also keep a small cup nearby to get the extra water when you disconnect the supply tube. Another important recommendation, shut off the whole house from main shut off, because these stop valves never completely closes. Change the supply tube.

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Leaking Flapper:

Flapper is the rubber, round piece, centrally located in the toilet tank. This is the most important and most simple looking part in toilet. Because deteriorated flapper may cost you a lot of money. When it starts leaking you don’t see any water around. It leaks to drain; sometimes it doesn’t do any noise. And you feel the problem when you get the water bill. Sometimes the difference in water bill is small and you don’t see the difference. But in one year it may cost you a thousand-dollar. So when you are in bathroom if you hear any dripping water or hissing noise (backfilling ballcock), or any noise from toilet, replace the flapper. It is cheap and saves you a lot of money. But don’t buy the cheapest flapper; buy the best one (I recommend Korky Flapper. It should be around 4 -5 dollars. Don’t buy $1 flapper please. That little difference may cost you couple of hundred dollars.) Also if you get big water bill, check the toilets. Probably you have bad toilet flapper.

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Water Level Mechanism (Ballcock) Not Working Properly:

When you open the toilet tank cover if you see the water level too high and overflowing from top of overflow pipe to inside of the toilet, try adjusting water level by bending the arm of ballcock or by level adjustment screws on top like in some models. If it is Fluid Master ballcock you can adjust the level by squeezing the steel piece on vertical wire arm at the side, pulling the ball down. If adjusting water level is not possible, it means ballcock washers worn and it is time to change the ballcock.

Shut off the valve under toilet (called stop valve or angle stop). Flush the toilet, so water in toilet tank will be drained, also keep a small cup nearby to get the extra water when you disconnect the supply tube. Another important recommendation, shut off the whole house from main shut off, because these stop valves never completely closes. Get the extra water in tank with a sponge. Then replace the ballcock by reading the installation directions comes with the box. Always replace supply tube also. If you use old supply tube, it leaks.

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Wobbling Toilet:

Try tightening the bolts that connects toilet to floor (actually to flange at the bottom of the toilet).

 If it is impossible to tighten the bolts it means that the flange under the toilet bowl is broken. In this case loosen the bolts. Sometimes, not sometimes, mostly, it is impossible to loosen the bolts. Then get a reciprocal saw or little key saw cut the bolts.

Shut off the valve under toilet (called stop valve or angle stop). Flush the toilet, so water in toilet tank will be drained, also keep a small cup nearby to get the extra water when you disconnect the supply tube. Another important recommendation, shut off the whole house from main shut off, because these stop valves never completely closes. Get the extra water in tank with a sponge.

Get a help to move the toilet (watch your back). Broken flange can be fixed with a spanner flange. Spanner flange is a piece of curved metal with a hole on it to pass the toilet bolt through it. Mount the spanner flange under the broken section, put new wax gasket, put two new toilet bolts vertical on flange, raise the toilet together with another person, and insert the toilet, aligned the holes on toilet and vertical bolts on flange. This is a tricky process; you may use your hands to align toilet bolt holes and bolts.

Sometimes toilet flange is completely destroyed and you might not fix it with a spanner flange. But now there is a practical solution for that too. It is kind of repair flange and you can install it with an alien wrench. It is not approved by plumbing codes but it is used by do it yourself people.

Sometimes the only reason that toilet wobbles because of uneven floor. Then we use shims. Shim can be a plastic piece, a piece of wood or piece of tile. But after inserting a shim under the toilet, grout all around and wait one day before using the toilet.

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Overflowing Toilet Bowl:

There is something in bowl or drain line blocked up. We send special curved snake to bowl. If that doesn’t work problem either in drain line or you need a new toilet bowl. Move the toilet out send a bigger snake to drain line, reinstall the toilet back, flush again. If it still not working properly, replace the toilet bowl.

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Water Closet Types:

One Piece Toilet: tank and bowl is consisting of one whole piece. They work quieter, don’t get clogged as often as other toilets. But they are more expensive (about 4 times more). Upper class houses and luxury bathrooms have one piece toilets.

Two piece round front toilets: Most common used residential toilets, and also most economic toilets.

Two Piece Elongated Toilets: They can be used residential and commercial. They are longer and used commonly for average and upper middle class houses. When used in commercial bathrooms seat has to be open front seat.

Wall Hung Toilets: Used in commercial bathrooms. Because cleaning under the toilet easy and they don’t clog very easy, but installation and price of toilet is pretty expensive.

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Lavatories:

Sometimes called bathroom sinks. Most commons types:

Steel Enameled: mostly they are 19” round or oval. Counter top of vanity cabinet has to be cut and these lavatories have to be installed.

Cast Iron: They can be round or oval. It is made up of cast iron covered with porcelain. Price is much higher than steel enameled.

Porcelain or china lavatories: They look like cast iron lavatories.

Cultured Marble: they mostly come as counter top and lavatory one piece, but can be found as only lavatory too.

Pedestal Lavatory: They can be different sizes. Has to be connected to wall with a bracket and to the floor with anchor and screw.

Wall Hung Lavatory: Used mostly commercial bathrooms and overly economic residential bathrooms.

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Lavatory Problems:

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Chipped and Rusted Steel Enameled Lavatory:

Lavatory has to be replaced with same size lavatory, but also faucet has to be replaced too, because installing old faucet to new lavatory doesn’t save you any money when you consider labor to dismount old faucet.

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Leak Under Lavatory:

There may be couple of reasons.

 Corroded or loose metal trap: replace the trap with a new master trap set.

Leaking Faucet Supply Tubes: to be able to replace supply tubes you need special sink wrench.

Leaking faucet Body: we mostly replace the faucet.

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Vanity Cabinets:

Height of Vanity cabinets is mostly standard. If you are not ordering a custom made vanity, cabinet depth is usually 21”, 19”, or rarely 16”. Lengths are 16”, 24”, 31”, and 48”. You can find cultured marble counter top for these sizes.

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Shower Pan:

Shower pan is a rubber or vinyl material and installed under the tile and about 2” thick concrete (we call it mud). Shower pan is mounted to shower drain, and nailed to the sidewalls of shower, so it prevents leaking from sides. Shower pan installation needs a professional plumbing work; otherwise later on damage may be very high. Give us a call. We help you.

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Drain Field:

When there is no city sewer system, for drainage, septic tank and drain field system is installed. After septic tank, water is distributed to area with a special piping system and this system is called drain field. Most of the drainage is water. This water has to be sent to area; otherwise septic tank fills very quickly. Under normal circumstances, septic tank never overflows, always sends water to drain field. But cleaning of septic tank once every two years by a pump truck is recommended. This maintenance increases the life of drain field. After some years (20-25 years), drain field starts slowing. Then it has to be replaced. For a new drain field, plan, permit, and inspection needed, so hire a plumbing contractor and give us a call.

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